Moreover, we are now aware of the wealth of oral literary traditions already existing on the continent among the numerous different Native American groups. For instance, when the English conquered New Amsterdam inthey renamed it New York and changed the administrative language from Dutch to English.
She also wrote nine novels, six theatrical works, two collections of poetry, six textbooks, and countless songs. Byit reached 1, James Fenimore Cooper was also a notable author best known for his novel, The Last of the Mohicans written in Colonial literature[ edit ] Because of the large immigration to Boston in the s, the articulation of Puritan ideals, and the early establishment of a college and a printing press in Cambridgethe New England colonies have often been regarded as the center of early American literature.
Colden also wrote a book on botany, which attracted the attention of Linnaeus, and he maintained Maturation in bless me ultima essay long term correspondence with Benjamin Franklin.
From toonly about separate items were issued from the major printing presses in the American colonies. The dominance of the English language was not inevitable. In the post-war period, Thomas Jefferson established his place in American literature through his authorship of the United States Declaration of Independencehis influence on the United States Constitutionhis autobiography, his Notes on the State of Virginiaand his many letters.
One of these was Cotton Mather. During the 18th century, writing shifted from the Puritanism of Winthrop and Bradford to Enlightenment ideas of reason. Many intellectuals believed that the human mind could comprehend the universe through the laws of physics as described by Isaac Newton.
The belief that human and natural occurrences were messages from God no longer fit with the new human-centered world. Susanna Rowson is best known for her novel, Charlotte: Less strict and serious writers included Samuel Sewall who wrote a diary revealing the daily life of the late 17th century and Sarah Kemble Knight.
However, printing was established in the American colonies before it was allowed in most of England.
Two key figures were Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Paine. The Federalist essays by Alexander HamiltonJames Madisonand John Jay presented a significant historical discussion of American government organization and republican values.
This work outlined the ideal society that he and the other Separatists would build in an attempt to realize a "Puritan utopia". Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield represented the Great Awakeninga religious revival in the early 18th century that emphasized Calvinism. Publishers took a chance on these works in hopes they would become steady sellers and need to be reprinted.
Bryant wrote early romantic and nature-inspired poetry, which evolved away from their European origins. Topics of early writing[ edit ] The religious disputes that prompted settlement in America were important topics of early American literature. Although Rowson was extremely popular in her time and is often acknowledged in accounts of the development of the early American novel, Charlotte Temple is often criticized as a sentimental novel of seduction.
The First American Novel[ edit ] In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the first American novels were published. During the colonial period, the printing press was active in many areas, from Cambridge and Boston to New YorkPhiladelphiaand Annapolis.
In the next decade important women writers also published novels. Inthe population of the colonies numbered approximatelyOther religious writers included Increase Mather and William Bradfordauthor of the journal published as a History of Plymouth Plantation, — These novels are of the Gothic genre.is and in to a was not you i of it the be he his but for are this that by on at they with which she or from had we will have an what been one if would who has her.
Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin American literature is literature written or produced in the United States and its preceding colonies (for specific discussions of poetry and theater, see Poetry of the United States and Theater in the United States).Before the founding of the United States, the British colonies on the eastern coast of the present-day United States were heavily influenced by English literature.Download