This results in an ever-present "otherness" in communication. The first is that strangers will trigger both interpersonal and intergroup anxiety.
Human Communication Theory, 1, Liking — Feelings of approval and preference between individuals likewise speed up the uncertainty-reduction process. One will probe the other for indications of their values, morals and personal issues. People also react to strangers Uncertainty reduction theory based on the conditions in which they interact.
Berger proposed Uncertainty reduction theory axioms self-evident truths regarding this initial uncertainty. CDT allows for three relationships to occur among cognitions: This finding suggested that individuals seem to avoid negative consequences Douglas, Cognitive Dissonance, like uncertainty, has an element of arousal and discomfort that individuals seek to reduce.
Gudykunst noted that strangers and in-group members experience some degree of anxiety and uncertainty in any new interpersonal situation, but when the encounter takes place between people of different cultures, strangers are hyperaware of cultural differences.
One will probe the other for indications of their valuesmorals and personal issues. Verbal Output — High levels of verbal output correlate positively with a greater reduction in uncertainty, higher levels of communication intimacy, similarity between individuals and liking.
Since its introduction inURT has been expanded from a theory of relational development to one also important in established relationships. The personal stage They share more personal information as communication furthurs and one will seek indications of values, attitudes, and morals from the other.
Each stage includes interactional behaviors that serve as indicators of liking and disliking. Another assumption deals with the concept of uncertainty. As nonverbal affiliative expressiveness increases, uncertainty levels will decrease in an initial interaction situation.
At this point, social psychologists like Heider expanded their research to focus on interpersonal relations as an important field of study. Example of inverse relationship: Calabrese became a professor in communication at Dominican University in River Forest, Illinois, inwhere he continues to work today.
Berger and Calabrese outlined seven concepts related to these assumptions: For example, at this phase in a relationship, we might start digging into long-term desires, such as family plans.
Theories explored the role of learning, dissonance, balance, social judgment, and reactance Berger, The authors further arranged uncertainty into two categories: Scope of AUM[ edit ] Communication theories commonly focus on 4 levels: Second, AUM claims that people experience uncertainty differently in different situations.
Though many social psychologists focused on behavior in interpersonal relations, their research served as a gateway for research examining communication in interpersonal relationships. Predicted outcome value during initial interactions: As Uncertainty reduction theory have less uncertainty there is less expectation for each exchange to be equal to one another.
Intimacy level of communication content and similarity are positively related.Uncertainty Reduction Theory (URT) is a theory from the field of interpersonal communication that seeks to explain how uncertainty, or lack of knowledge, drives interpersonal communication.
This initial approach to uncertainty management theories "dramatically shaped scholars' understanding of the way people manage uncertainty," (Afifi,p.
Uncertainty Reduction Theory definition: The uncertainty reduction theory explores the initial interaction between people that occurs before the actual communication process and is hence also known as initial interaction theory.
96 Key Names and Terms Charles Berger A communication theorist at the University of California, Davis, who developed uncertainty reduction theory. Uncertainty reduction theory has sparked much discussion in the discipline of communication.
Critics have argued that reducing uncertainty is not the driving force of interaction. Michael Sunnafrank's research () indicated that the actual motivation for interaction is a. The Uncertainty Reduction Theory asserts that people have a need to reduce uncertainty about others by gaining information about them.
Information gained can then be used to predict the others' behavior. Reducing uncertainty is particularly important in relationship development, so it is typical to. uncertainty reduction theory that people will seek to reduce uncertainty, one study found that when romantic partners feel above normal uncertainty about the relationship, participants view relationship talk as face threatening and thus avoid such talk, which, in turn increases uncertainty.Download